Mahrukat (80)


Demand for oil products in Syria appears to have increased by some 20 percent in the space of two years.


Government sources have confirmed Syria’s current output of crude oil and that most oil is still supplied through tankers.


The Deir-ez-Zor gas plant is a gas processing and gathering plant located northwest of the city of Deir-ez-Zor.


The list below includes the names of all the Syrian entities that have been blacklisted by the European Union since the beginning of the uprising in March 2011.


Syrian manufacturers that are able to pay in foreign currency will be given priority when buying oil products, a rare instance of the government encouraging the use of the dollar in the domestic market.


The total value of contracts awarded to Syrian companies by United Nations agencies last year was close to USD 200 million, according to a UN document.


The UN has been granting dozens of millions of dollars to companies associated with the regime, a report from The Guardian has found.


The following is a short profile of the members of the Syrian Government appointed on July 03, 2016.


Updated on July 05: A new Government was formed in Syria on Sunday, the first in two years.


The Syrian Government’s decision to impose a sharp rise in the price of oil products has been met by wide complaints in regime-held areas, which seem to reflect the exhaustion of the population.


The United Nations agencies based in Damascus have contracted dozens of Syrian companies to supply them with goods and services worth hundreds of millions of dollars in the past years.


Syria’s production of oil and gas continued its decline in the first quarter of this year, according to the Ministry of Petroleum and Mineral Resources.


The Syrian Prime Minister fired last week the head of the Syrian Customs Department, Majdi Hikmieh.


Based on the numbers prepared by the Government, Syria’s deficit should represent around a third of the total budget next year.


The Government has allowed the private sector to import gas oil and fuel oil for the benefit of manufacturing companies as it seeks to alleviate shortages in the market.


The Ministry of Petroleum wants to confiscate and manage petrol stations owned by private investors but that are currently idle.


According to the Ministry of Petroleum, Syria’s production of crude oil in 2013 declined 80 percent compared to 2012.


The Damascus governorate has signed a contract with Mahrukat for the construction and management of 13 petrol stations across the Syrian capital.


Syria's imports of crude oil and refined oil products stood at some $3 billion in the first nine months of the year, according to the minister of oil, Sulaiman Al-Abbas.


The subsidy bill for oil products reached SYP 112 billion in the first half of this year, according to the minister of petroleum.


Continuing shortages of oil products in the market have led to the dismissal of the head of Mahrukat only six months after his appointment.


In the first quarter of this year, sales of key energy products declined by some two-thirds on an annual basis over growing shortages.


International sanctions, attacks on pipelines and the suspension of works at the refinery of Banias have reduced significantly the supplies of heating oil in Syria leading to a surge in its price in the black market.


The consumption of oil products in the local market fell between 12 and 27 percent in the first eight months of this year, according to Mahrukat, the state body in charge of their distribution.


Mahrukat, the state entity in charge of the distribution of energy products, began yesterday selling heating oil to Syrian families under a scheme adopted by the government lately.


The Ministry of Economy has reduced the average weight of a cooking gas cylinder to 10 kg but kept its price unchanged, in effect increasing its cost by some 16 percent, as it battles with continuous shortages.


Syria is facing a renewed cooking gas shortage due, according to the Minister of Petroleum, to EU sanctions on the industry.


The European Union has added 12 persons, including the spouse of the Syrian President, and two companies to the list of people and institutions facing an asset freeze and a travel ban.


Updated February 15: Syria raised the prices of petroleum coke and kerosene sold in the local market as well as that of fertilisers.


The Syrian authorities are preparing to raise again the price of heating oil, less than a year after they decided to reduce it, a decision that is likely to create discontent among the population but reflects the deteriorating situation of the Government’s finances.


Updated January 08, 2011: An explosion targeted last week a gas pipeline near the city of Homs leading to the interruption of supplies to two power plants and adding to Syria’s electric supplies problems.


The cost of subsidizing oil products by the Government amounted to SYP 181 billion, or USD 3.62 billion, in the first nine months of this year, according to the Ministry of Oil.


The supply of gas oil at government-sponsored prices is becoming increasingly scarce in various parts of the country, although Damascus remained little affected until now.


Demand for gas oil rose 11 percent in the first nine months of this year on the back of a 25 percent reduction in its retail price decided earlier this year, data from the Ministry of Oil show.


On September 15, the Syrian government raised the price at which it sells fuel oil to private corporations and state entities by 53 percent.


Syria will increase the price of fuel oil by 53 percent starting September 15, in a bid by the Government to reduce its subsidy bill, although the new rate will still be some 50 percent below market prices.


The net value of subsidized oil products reached SYP 116 billion, or USD 2.47 billion, in the first six months of 2011, according to Mahrukat, the state entity in charge of distributing energy products in Syria.


The Syrian government spent USD 2.49 billion to finance the cost of oil products subsidies in the first half of this year, according to Abdullah Khattab, Director General of Mahrukat, the state monopoly in charge of distributing oil products.


Syria is buying gas oil at around USD 1,000 per ton, or SYP 47 per litre, from international markets, three times its local retail price, according to Mahrukat, the state-owned company in charge of distributing the product.


The Government’s decision last April to raise subsidies on energy products has increased smuggling to neighbouring countries and started to seriously disrupt supplies of gas oil across Syria.


The Syrian Government has reduced by 25 percent, or 5 Syrian Pounds, the retail cost of gas oil, increasing the cost for the Treasury of subsidizing this product by some SYP 25 billion this year.


Syria’s oil subsidy bill, one of the main expense items for the government, reached SYP 49 billion in the first quarter of this year, or around USD 1 billion, according to government statistics.


Syria’s oil subsidies bill amounted to more than SYP 106 billion, or USD 2.25 billion, last year, according to Mahrukat, the state entity in charge of the retail sale of oil products.

The Syrian Government is inviting contractors to bid for an LPG Gas Filling Unit with storage capacities of 6,000 tons.
Mahrukat, the state entity in charge of distributing gasoline in Syria, will start importing 95-octane gasoline following a decision by the Syrian cabinet.
The subsidy of oil products cost the Government SYP 75 billion (USD 1.6 billion) in the first nine months of this year according to recent data from the Government.