Subjects – Syria Report

Syrian Salvation Government


Hayat Tahrir Al-Sham, the Islamist group that controls the Idlib governorate and rural parts of the Aleppo, Hama, and Lattakia governorates, has recently inaugurated a multi-million dollar expansion of a highway between the Bab Al-Hawa border crossing and the Al-Ghazawiya crossing, which links the rural parts of northern Idlib and Aleppo.
Electricity companies in the opposition-held parts of the Idlib and Aleppo governorates have recently increased their fees for each kilowatt-hour by 40 to 50 percent in Idlib and 160 to 280 percent in Aleppo, further escalating protests that have proliferated as a result of the region's worsening economic crisis and the recent collapse of the Turkish lira.
The government has increased the salaries of public sector employees, military staff, and retirees for the second time this year as it scales back subsidies and as prices continue to skyrocket. Meanwhile, in northern Syria, amid the collapse of the Turkish lira, the Syrian Interim Government has also increased salaries for select educational workers, while the Syrian Salvation Government has formed a committee to determine a new minimum wage inside areas under its control.
The Autonomous Administration of North and East Syria is drafting a law to establish an independent monetary policy and financial institution, which would be akin to a central bank, in an apparent move to consolidate its autonomy drive. It also recently re-opened a cotton spinning and weaving factory, previously owned by the Syrian government, in a bid to boost self-sufficiency in a key sector of its economy.
The Syrian Salvation Government has decided to price oil products sold in parts of the Idlib Governorate controlled by Hayat Tahrir Al-Sham in US dollars rather than Turkish liras amid the rapid collapse of the Turkish currency. Meanwhile, the Syrian government has increased the price of subsidised petrol sold via the smart card system by 46 percent, as supply shortages persist.
The economic crisis in Northwest Syria has been hit hard by Turkey’s economic crisis, in addition to the chronic crises already afflicting the country. The purchasing power of residents is at its lowest levels, sparking mass protests and prompting the leader of Hayat Tahrir Al-Sham, Abu Mohammad Al-Jolani, to meet with the Syrian Salvation Government's Shura Council to review the financial and bread crises.


Although Syrian President Bashar Al-Assad has declared victory after more than a decade of war, Damascus controls only ten out of at least 31 official border crossings.
Following is a list of ministers in the Syrian Interim and Salvation Governments that are in charge of areas of Northwest Syria outside Damascus's control. The Syrian Interim Government is backed by Turkey while the Syrian Salvation Government — the political body of the Islamist militant group Hayat Tahrir Al-Sham — controls parts of Idlib and the western Aleppo countryside.



The industrial city of Bab Al-Hawa was established by the Syrian Salvation Government in 2021 in the Sarmada region near the Turkish border.

Green Company is an electricity company that was first established in 2014 under the name GE Power before merging with a company called Green Future for Investment under its current name.
The General Transport Company was established in Idlib in December 2021 by the Syrian Salvation Government which controls and administers Northwest Syria.

Watad Petroleum company is an oil products trading company based in Idlib.