Subjects – Syria Report



The number of passengers and goods transported by the Syrian Railways Organisation, Syria’s main railway operator, increased by 127 percent and 26 percent, respectively, in 2022, compared with 2020 (data for 2021 is unavailable). 
MuhiEddine Al-Manfoush—a profiteer from the Syrian conflict tightly connected to regime figures but not on western sanctions lists—has opened several businesses outside Syria, including in Turkey and in the European Union, according to opposition media.
The attacks on Syria’s railway network in the last few months cost the Syrian Railways Organisation, the country’s rail transporter, an estimated SYP 1.7 billion, George Muqaabari, the head of the company, said.
The Syrian Railways Organisation is expecting to finish next year works on a rail track between the cities of Deir-ez-Zor and Al-Bou Kamal that will link the Iraqi and Syrian networks.


In this profile, The Syria Report provides an overview of the Hijaz Railways Organisation, one of two state-owned companies running Syria’s rail network. The 1,465-kilometre Hijaz Railway was inaugurated in 1908 to transport Muslim pilgrims to the city of Medina in Saudi Arabia.
This report provides an overview of Syria’s railway sector from the early 2000s until today. It sheds light on the sector prior to the Syrian uprising; the many projects that coincided with President Bashar Al-Assad’s ambition of transforming the country into the region’s transport hub; the damages to the sector caused by the decade-long conflict; and the challenges to the sector’s reconstruction.


Providing services for electric power plants and services in the field of heavy industries such as cement factories, oil industries, and water stations.
The Hijaz Railways Organisation (HRO) is one of two state-owned railway companies operating in Syria, the other being the Syrian Railways Organisation (SRO).
The Syrian Railways Organisation, or 'Chemins de Fer Syriens' under its French denomination, manages Syria's standard-gauge railways track.