Subjects – Syria Report

Russia

News

25-01-2022
Last year, the total number of COVID-19 cases in all of Syria increased by 354 percent compared with 2020, while only a fraction of the population has been fully or partially vaccinated, according to the World Health Organisation. Meanwhile, Syria’s vaccination rate remains one of the lowest in the region.
25-01-2022
Amid an acute economic crisis, the prices of commodities – including cereals, key food items, oil products, and COVID-19-related items – have soared last year compared with 2020, according to the World Food Programme’s Market Price Watch Bulletin for Syria. Despite the fact that the government has increased public sector salaries, the purchasing power of Syrians is nonetheless unable to keep pace with the rising cost of living.
18-01-2022
Syria has recently signed a memorandum of understanding on joining China’s Belt and Road Initiative, a long-term, transcontinental infrastructure and investment project that aims to economically integrate countries falling along the ancient Silk Road trade route. Although the agreement is not legally binding, Syria would benefit immensely from its prospective inclusion, as the projects brought about by the initiative would contribute to the country’s post-war reconstruction.
18-01-2022
Last month, the Autonomous Administration of North and East Syria (AANES) lost its main gateway to the outside world and a crucial financial lifeline after the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) suddenly closed two border crossings that link Northeast Syria to the Kurdistan Region of Iraq (KRI). Consequently, all trade, including that of oil, has been suspended, as well as cross-border movements for all actors, including NGOs.
11-01-2022
After over twenty years of negotiations, the Iranian government has announced that work on a multi-million dollar railway connection from the Iranian town of Shalamcheh to Iraq’s Basra is set to begin within two months. The link is part of a more significant railway project to connect Iran's Imam Khomeini Port with Syria’s Lattakia Port, the country’s main commercial port.
11-01-2022
In late December 2021, Russia carried out a ten-day airstrike campaign on Idlib and parts of Rural Aleppo and Hama, killing civilians and widely damaging civilian infrastructure and key sources of livelihoods, including a UNICEF-supported water station, a foodstuff factory, and several poultry and cow farms. The attacks, which are in violation of the 2020 ceasefire agreement between Turkey and Russia, have only contributed to further exacerbating already deteriorating living conditions in the region and may be a sign of increasing tensions between the two countries.

Library

25-01-2022
The following updated and expanded factsheet describes the main components of Iranian-Syrian economic relations. The first two sections will examine trade and economic and business relations between the two countries prior to and following the 2011 conflict. The third will provide an overview of Iranian involvement in a variety of sectors, while the fourth will elaborate on Iran's growing economic foothold in the country since 2020. Finally, the fifth section will provide insight into the prospects of Iranian-Syrian relations.
25-01-2022
This chart provides an overview of citrus production in Syria between 1998 and 2020. Largely spared by the conflict due to its location in the country's coastal areas, citrus production reached record levels in the past ten years. Although production stood at 1,164,000 tonnes in 2010, prior to the conflict, it plummeted to a two-decade low in 2020.
18-01-2022
This chart provides an overview of the passenger traffic at Syria's five airports from 2011 to 2019. In 2010, a total of 4.98 million passengers had passed through the country's airports – Syria’s highest number ever. Though the government had several plans to develop the country's aviation industry and increase the capacities of its various airports, the beginning of the Syrian conflict in 2011 had a dramatic impact on the sector.
11-01-2022
This factsheet provides an overview of Syria’s railway sector from the early 2000s until today. It sheds light on the sector prior to the Syrian uprising; the many projects that coincided with President Bashar Al-Assad’s ambition of transforming the country into the region’s transport hub; the damages to the sector caused by the decade-long conflict; and the challenges to the sector’s reconstruction.

Companies

12-11-2021
Conducting the activities specified in the company’s articles of association after obtaining approvals according to the laws and regulations in force in Syria; simplifying deliveries of Russian products to Syria and vice versa.
03-08-2021
28-07-2021
Petroservice is a Belarusian petroleum services company that operates in and outside Belarus, including in Syria.
12-05-2021

Oriental furniture trading; contracting

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