Subjects – Syria Report



The Iraqi Federal Government stopped issuing work visas for Syrians in January and the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) followed suit, halting issuing not only work but also tourist visas for Syrian nationals as of March 29. These recent decisions restricting the possibility of Syrians to visit or reside in Iraq and the Iraqi Kurdistan region mark a shift in the until-now ‘welcoming’ policy environment towards Syrian refugees since the onset of the Syrian conflict. This move is expected to slash the flow of remittances from Syrians working in Iraq, a country that is hosting 263,920 Syrian refugees.
Over the last year, aid and funds have poured into the governorates heavily affected by the quake (Aleppo, Hama, Idlib, Lattakia and Tartous), but the significant needs remain unmet.   
The Central Bank of Jordan has tightened money transfers from Jordan to Syria by reverting the easement of conditions adopted in March 2023 in the aftermath of the February 6 earthquake. The Jordanian move can be seen as a way to avoid international sanctions.


This 9300-word report presents a detailed account of international sanctions on Syria. It delves into the American and European sanctions programs, exemptions, and challenges in enforcing sanctions.