Subjects – Syria Report



Syria’s oil and gas sector has suffered indirect and direct losses totalling USD 107.10 billion from the start of the uprising in 2011 until mid-2022, according to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Expatriates. Meanwhile, the Ministry of Petroleum provided a breakdown of oil and gas production during the first half of the year
The government has recently launched the first phase of a country-wide GPS scheme that requires vehicle owners to install GPS devices or face exemption from the state’s oil subsidy programme. The controversial GPS surveillance system would enable the government to calculate the oil product needs of vehicle owners and surveil ordinary Syrians.
Although Iranian oil supplies to Syria have remained stable and a new Iranian credit line was activated in May, prices have not been curbed. The government recently increased the price of petrol by up to 127 percent, which has immediately impacted the cost of transportation and food.
The government has increased unsubsidised oil prices, attributing the hike to “rising global oil prices” and to its effort “to narrow the wide gap with black market prices.” Damascus has also announced a new Iranian credit line for the purchase of oil supplies from Tehran.


Since January 2011, the price of a litre of gasoline, a litre of diesel, and a 10-kg cooking gas cylinder increased from SYP 44, 20, and 250 to SYP 750, 500, and 9,700 (or by 1,605, 2,400, and 3,780 percent), respectively.
This 1,600-word report provides an overview of the Syrian smart card, which has grown in importance as the government reduces subsidies on a large number of goods, including oil and food products.


Import, export, and trade of construction materials; establishing petrol stations; import of oil productions; and contracting.
Kaf Trading Company is an oil products trading company based in Idlib province.

Trade of oil products, build oil reservoirs, manage petrol stations