Subjects – Syria Report



The Syrian government is advancing its plan to restructure the subsidies system and shift from subsidising items that can be bought through the Smart Card system, to directly transferring cash subsidies to citizens, according to a statement by the government on June 25. In that statement, the government instructed Syrians who have Smart Cards but no bank accounts to open one within three months in order to receive the cash handouts.
A total of EUR 2.51 billion in loans was pledged by the World Bank, the European Investment Bank and France for 2024 and beyond for countries hosting Syrian refugees at the Brussels VIII Conference held in May. The amount represents a steep decline from the EUR 4 billion loans pledged last year.
This article dissects the main looting and trafficking trends throughout the conflict, modus operandi of the main actors, the legal context, the challenges to tackle this murky business, and the main gaps in accountability towards the traffickers and buyers of ill-gotten Syrian artefacts.
As the Syrian Pound is going through its most stable period for six years, the Central Bank of Syria (CBS) has unified the exchange rate for remittances between local banks and money exchange companies in a bid to “streamline banking operations,” according to a CBS statement on June 13.
Participating delegations at the Ministerial Meeting at the Brussels Conference VIII “Supporting the future of Syria and the region” pledged on Monday a total of EUR 7.6 billion in grants and loans,  for 2024 and beyond, to Syria and neighbouring countries hosting Syrian refugees. This marks a 20 percent decline compared to last year's conference, when the total grants and loans pledge stood at EUR 9.53 billion.
The Brussels VIII conference held on Monday concluded with a total of EUR 7.6 billion in grants and loans for Syria and refugee host countries, of which EUR 5 billion were grants (EUR 3.9 billion for 2024 and EUR 1.2 billion for 2025 and beyond), while EUR 2.5 billion were pledged in the form of loans. Compared to last year’s conference, loans to refugee host countries have been nearly halved from EUR 4 billion to EUR 2.5 billion, while the total grants (for the current year and multi year pledges) have declined from EUR 5.57 billion pledged last year to the EUR 5 billion this year.



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Providing transport services through an application.
Planning and organizing computer systems.