Subjects – Syria Report



At the 33rd Arab League Summit held in Bahrein’s capital Manama on May 16, regional leaders ratified the need to continue the rapprochement process towards Damascus, a year after Syria was officially reinstated in the Arab League. Yet, besides the announcement of the resumption of direct flights between Bahrain and Syria, the summit concluded without any concrete economic or political announcement or concession towards Bashar Al-Assad’s government.
The Syrian government has issued their wheat procurement prices at SYP 5.5 million (around USD 366) per tonne, a stark increase from the SYP 2.8 million per tonne offered to local farmers in 2023 and the SYP 2 million offered in 2022.
Fish production has reached 13,000 tonnes this season, reaching pre-2011 levels. Syria's imports of fish and fishery products are expected to rise following the Central Bank of Syria's decision on February 18 to allow tourist establishments to import seafood and fishery items not available in the local market.
In a context where the industry lacks proper safety regulations and three-quarters of AANES revenues depend on oil production, business profitability comes at the expense of health and environmental rights. Since taking control of the oil fields in the northeast in 2018, the Syrian Democratic Forces have “contracted private businesses to run the oil fields in its territories to reduce operation costs,” and these actors rely on “primitive methods” to refine oil.
This interview with NRC’s Regional Media and Communications Adviser is part of our series of in-depth interviews with key actors of Syria’s humanitarian and development sector.
Earlier this month, Iraq accused Syria of obstructing the Euphrates River flow into Iraqi territory, leading to a water diplomacy clash between Baghdad, Damascus and the Autonomous Administration of North and East Syria.


The following text is a copy of the most recent version of the "Social Contract of the Democratic Autonomous Administration of the North and East Syria (AANES) Region" published on December 12, 2023.
On the occasion of the COP28 conference, this report is a detailed overview of Syria's climate change situation, spanning pre-2010 policies, carbon emissions, and mitigation strategies, examining impacts like rising temperatures, droughts, deforestation, and more.


The General Organisation for Land Development, or General Organisation for Land Reclamation, is responsible to conduct the study, design, and execution of irrigation and land reclamation projects within a national plan covering 430,000 hectares, including efforts in Aleppo, Raqqa, and Deir ez-Zor provinces.
Established in 2018, the industrial city of Al-Bab is located north of Aleppo, close to the Turkish border.
Al-Furat, or Euphrates, University is one of seven state-owned universities in Syria.