Subjects – Syria Report



Remittances in Syria today are said to represent the equivalent of as much as a third of the country’s GDP, according to a UN agency. This is by far the highest estimate provided by any international organisation on the volume of remittances entering the country and, if correct, would put Syria among the top 15 countries in the world for remittance receipt levels.
Syrian officials are urging international non-governmental organisations in the country to establish early recovery projects rather than to provide immediate humanitarian aid. Some experts say that this category of aid may resemble reconstruction efforts, such as the rehabilitation of infrastructure.
Opposition and pro-regime media outlets are reporting that the government is planning to impose public school registration fees for the first time and significantly raise public healthcare fees. The Ministries of Education and Health are reportedly unable to afford the costs of their respective sectors amid the worsening economic crisis.
Syria will likely witness exceptional increases in poverty rates and unemployment, revenue losses, persistent fiscal deficit, and double-digit inflation due to damages to physical capital, weak economic performance, a widening trade deficit, capital flight, external displacement, and economic sanctions, according to a recent report by the UN Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia.


This chart provides an overview of Syria’s GDP from 2000 to 2021. In the years that preceded the conflict, the economy witnessed significant growth rates. However, in 2012 and 2013, the country's GDP fell by 26.3 percent per year, according to the World Bank, and had only grown by 2.85 percent in 2011 – its lowest figure since 2001.