Subjects – Syria Report



The Syrian delegation at the COP28 in Dubai has blamed international sanctions, opposition groups, the U.S., Turkey, and Israel for aggravating the climate crisis in Syria, while deflecting any governmental responsibility in Syria’s climate emergency. At the annual Conference of Parties, private entities and governments tend to make pledges to help developing countries face the climate crisis, but so far,  Damascus' search for international climate finance seems to have fallen flat this year.  
Syria recorded an annual inflation rate of 84.9 percent in 2022, compared to an average of 5.1 percent in the rest of Arab countries and 8.5 percent recorded globally, according to the Annual Bulletin of the Syrian Centre for Policy Research, published on October 12. The hike in prices of food and non-alcoholic beverages contributed to 41.3 percent of last year’s general inflation, followed by the housing, water, electricity and gas category, then transportation and health.
The Israeli retaliation after the Hamas’ attack on October 7 has led to violent echoes in the region: from deadly flare-ups in the Lebanese-Israeli border, exchange of fire in southern Syria, Israel’s airstrikes at Damascus and Aleppo airports, to U.S. bases in Syria and Iraq targeted in drone attacks by Iranian affiliated groups. The announced Israeli ground invasion of Gaza could be an important turning point with regards to regional escalation as Iran and Hezbollah made the potential invasion their main red line.
Turkish-backed northwest authorities will hold the ‘First Investment Conference in Northwest Syria' in the Al-Rai Industrial City in December to attract investments to the region.


This report provides an overview of the origins, activities, and backers of these prominent PSCs in regime-held areas, highlighting their intricate and interconnected nature.
This report provides a comprehensive analysis of Syria's gas sector, covering the industry's status before and after the conflict, pipeline projects, gas output during the conflict, and foreign investments.
Our report on Syria's oil sector, covering pre-uprising conditions, production data, foreign company involvement, the impact of sanctions, Iranian oil imports.


The Autonomous Administration of North and East Syria (AANES) is a self-governing administrative body that governs the territories comprising the seven regions of North and East Syria established in September 2018.
Al-Maham, part of the Katerji network, was founded in Aleppo in 2017 by Abdallah Mohammad Nizar Katerji and Ghayth Mohammad Katerji, expanding its operations to several regions in 2019.