Russia News

The Syrian government is preparing to put three power turbines into operation, although acute shortages of natural gas and fuel will continue to limit the potential for increased electricity production.
In this interview, The Syria Report speaks with Mohammad Hassno, CEO of the Assistance Coordination Unit, a Syrian opposition organisation that coordinates humanitarian efforts and facilitates the flow of information between donors, executive agencies, and local partners. 
Syrian-Chinese trade in 2022 reached its lowest point in 20 years due to surging global shipping costs, although China continues to rank among Syria’s largest trade partners. Meanwhile, Beijing’s contributions to earthquake relief have been minimal relative to other donors.
Governments and international organisations worldwide have offered aid and assistance to Syria after the recent earthquake. However, aid response and coordination efforts have been hampered by the destruction of roads and highways, weather conditions, fuel shortages, and territorial fragmentation across regime-opposition political lines, among other things.
The number of passengers and goods transported by the Syrian Railways Organisation, Syria’s main railway operator, increased by 127 percent and 26 percent, respectively, in 2022, compared with 2020 (data for 2021 is unavailable). 
The Syrian government has been seeking to increase phosphate production and export as it starts excavating a new mine near Palmyra and renews a barter deal with Belarus.
On January 9, the United Nations Security Council unanimously adopted a resolution to authorise the renewal of Syria’s cross-border aid mechanism a day before it expired. The renewal, which extends the mechanism for another six months, will permit humanitarian deliveries to 4 million Syrians in Northwest Syria.
Direct flights between Damascus and Muscat are restarting as part of closer collaboration between Syria and Oman, a country at the forefront of the Gulf’s attempt to rehabilitate the Syrian regime.