Cement Library

The following profile provides an overview of Tarif Al-Akhras, a prominent Syrian businessman from Homs and a close relative of Asma Al-Assad. Mr Al-Akhras rose to fame before the 2011 conflict and became a major player in the country's food trade, particularly in the sugar industry.
This report provides an overview of Syria's political and economic ties with the Maghreb, namely Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, and Libya, since 2000 until today, shedding light on trade, investments, and various agreements.
This profile covers Syrian businessman Mohammad Hamsho, whose rise to fame predates the conflict and who is widely believed to be acting as a front for Maher Al-Assad, the brother of the Syrian president.
This report provides an overview of the Syrian cement sector, including the challenges faced by the industry, the latest production and trade data, and a list of the main actors.
In this 2,600-word report, The Syria Report provides an overview of the recent history and status of Syria's three commercial maritime ports in Lattakia, Tartous, and Banias.
Relatively unknown prior to 2011, Samer Foz became one of Syria’s most powerful economic players following the conflict, being likened at one point to the business magnate and maternal cousin to the president, Rami Makhlouf. Despite leading a high profile during his heyday, Mr Foz has withdrawn from the public eye in recent years after being sanctioned and apparently being sidelined by the regime.
In this 5,900-word report The Syria Report provides an overview of the E.U.-Syria economic relations and the most important developments that have taken place over the last two decades. 
This report provides an overview of Syria’s universities from the early 2000s until today, with a particular focus on how the higher education sector has been impacted by the 2011 conflict.
In 2021, trade between Syria and Lebanon reached USD 218 million, a four percent increase compared with 2020 (USD 209 million). Syria’s exports stood at USD 127 million, while its imports stood at USD 91 million, marking the first time since 2012 that the country has a positive trade balance with Lebanon.
Syria has four large industrial cities located near Damascus, Aleppo, Homs, and Deir-ez-Zor. The government built them to attract large-scale industrial projects, increase exports of high-value-added industrial products and create employment opportunities.
The following chart provides an overview of the bilateral trade between Syrian and Turkey during the past ten years. Between 2014 and 2021, the average total trade amounted to USD 2 billion with an average balance of USD 1.74 billion in favour of Turkey.
The following updated and expanded report describes the main components of Iranian-Syrian economic relations. The first two sections will examine trade and economic and business relations between the two countries prior to and following the 2011 conflict. The third will provide an overview of Iranian involvement in a variety of sectors, while the fourth will elaborate on Iran's growing economic foothold in the country since 2020. Finally, the fifth section will provide insight into the prospects of Iranian-Syrian relations.