The Autonomous Administration of North and East Syria has issued a law regulating the operations of foreign exchange dealers as the sector gains increasing importance. The law’s timing is a reminder of the importance of remittances for the Syrian economy and of foreign exchange dealers at a time western sanctions are restricting the operations of local banks.
In this interview, The Syria Report speaks with Mohammad Hassno, CEO of the Assistance Coordination Unit, a Syrian opposition organisation that coordinates humanitarian efforts and facilitates the flow of information between donors, executive agencies, and local partners. 
Since the catastrophic earthquakes devastated parts of northern Syria one week ago, killing 5,800 people, injuring thousands, leaving 5.30 million homeless, and destroying infrastructure and residential buildings, the regime, opposition authorities, and local organisations began carrying out disaster relief efforts in affected areas. 
The Autonomous Administration of North and East Syria has issued several statements and briefs about its plans for 2023 and its performance in 2022, indicating a notable shift towards prioritising the water, agriculture, and health sectors.
To further cement its governance, the Syrian Salvation Government, the political arm of the Islamist Hayat Tahrir Al-Sham, has begun issuing compulsory identification cards for residents in areas under its control. The cards are required to receive essential services and to conduct any transaction.  
The Syrian president recently issued two decisions increasing the salaries of Syrian judges, while the Autonomous Administration of North and East Syria raised public employee salaries.
The number of early recovery projects (ERPs) implemented inside opposition areas has increased by nine percent during the first six months of the year compared with the same period last year. Meanwhile, hundreds of ERPs have been implemented in areas controlled by the Autonomous Administration of North and East Syria.
Wheat and barley production has declined significantly across all of Syria for the second year in a row due to climate change, low water levels in the Euphrates River, and production input shortages, according to official data. This season's wheat production is 75 percent lower than pre-crisis volumes.
As cholera cases rise and water supplies dwindle, the Syrian government recently began operating a new water desalination plant in the Hassakeh governorate in an effort to provide potable water to residents. The plants are only meant to be used in cases of emergency, i.e. in a situation of a dramatic shortage in water supplies, likely to preserve underground water reserves. So far, the government has only activated fifteen out of the twenty plants.
Syria’s oil and gas sector has suffered indirect and direct losses totalling USD 107.10 billion from the start of the uprising in 2011 until mid-2022, according to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Expatriates. Meanwhile, the Ministry of Petroleum provided a breakdown of oil and gas production during the first half of the year
The government has increased unsubsidised oil prices, attributing the hike to “rising global oil prices” and to its effort “to narrow the wide gap with black market prices.” Damascus has also announced a new Iranian credit line for the purchase of oil supplies from Tehran.