Phosphate Library

21-06-2022
Stroytransgaz, a Russian engineering and construction company, has become a major player in Syria’s economy over the past few years, expanding its pre-conflict activities and reaching into new sectors. It has won major contracts in the fields of phosphates, port management, and fertilisers, at times at the expense of Iranian competitors, and has grown into a major symbol of Russia’s growing economic and political sway in Syria.
14-06-2022
In this 2,600-word report, The Syria Report provides an overview of the recent history and status of Syria's three commercial maritime ports in Lattakia, Tartous, and Banias.
05-04-2022
In 2021, trade between Syria and Ukraine reached USD 24.2 million, a 68 percent increase compared with 2020 (USD 14.4 million). Syria’s exports stood at USD 20.75 million, while its imports stood at USD 3.43 million, making Ukraine one of Syria’s most profitable trade partners.
08-03-2022
This report is the first part of a two-part publication that will provide an overview of Syria’s relations with former Soviet Republics. This first part will address Syria’s ties with the Baltic states (Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania) and Eastern Europe (Belarus, Ukraine, Moldova), while the second will focus on Syria's ties with the Caucasus (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia) and Central Asian countries (Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan). 
22-02-2022
This 5,000-word report will first provide an overview of Syria’s economic and financial relations with Russia before the outbreak of the conflict. It will then shed light on the various projects and investments that have taken place since 2011. The third section will examine Moscow’s struggle to advance its economic interests in 2020. Finally, the concluding sections will cover the most recent developments in bilateral economic relations.
25-01-2022
The following updated and expanded report describes the main components of Iranian-Syrian economic relations. The first two sections will examine trade and economic and business relations between the two countries prior to and following the 2011 conflict. The third will provide an overview of Iranian involvement in a variety of sectors, while the fourth will elaborate on Iran's growing economic foothold in the country since 2020. Finally, the fifth section will provide insight into the prospects of Iranian-Syrian relations.
11-01-2022
This report provides an overview of Syria’s railway sector from the early 2000s until today. It sheds light on the sector prior to the Syrian uprising; the many projects that coincided with President Bashar Al-Assad’s ambition of transforming the country into the region’s transport hub; the damages to the sector caused by the decade-long conflict; and the challenges to the sector’s reconstruction.
30-11-2021
This report provides an overview of the phosphate sector prior to and following the Syrian conflict. It also sheds light on various projects, both implemented and abandoned, in the phosphate industry; the competition between Iran and Russia over the potentially lucrative sector; and the implications of the privatisation of Syria’s phosphate industry.