Fares Shehabi Library

Syria has four large industrial cities located near Damascus, Aleppo, Homs, and Deir-ez-Zor. The government built them to attract large-scale industrial projects, increase exports of high-value-added industrial products and create employment opportunities.
This report provides an overview of Syria’s railway sector from the early 2000s until today. It sheds light on the sector prior to the Syrian uprising; the many projects that coincided with President Bashar Al-Assad’s ambition of transforming the country into the region’s transport hub; the damages to the sector caused by the decade-long conflict; and the challenges to the sector’s reconstruction.
Since the start of the conflict, the average wealth and the median wealth of Syrian adult citizens have decreased by some 80 percent each, according to a recent report on global wealth. Compared with figures from 2000, wealth and median wealth per adult in 2020 decreased by 48 percent and 57 percent, respectively, while debt surged by 76 percent.
This report will shed light on the economic relations between Syria and the UAE prior to 2011 and will trace the evolution of the bilateral relationship during the first half of the Syrian conflict. It will also focus on the path towards normalisation that has taken place in recent years, providing an overview of the business and economic ties since 2018 and covering the political and diplomatic developments that have taken place in the past six months.
Wheat and barley are staples of Syria’s agricultural sector and represent the country's most strategic crops, comprising 95 percent of the total agricultural output prior to the Syrian conflict. As such, wheat and barley are highly subsidised as the government traditionally buys them from local farmers at a rate higher than world prices. 

The table below lists the 81 Idlib companies offering money transfer services, as listed by the Syrian Salavation Government-affiliated regulatory authority


This table lists the maritime shipping agencies registered with the Ministry of Transport as of September 2019.