E.U. Library

This profile provides an overview of Yassar Ibrahim, a notorious war profiteer and the current economic advisor to Bashar Al-Assad.
This profile features Syrian businessman Ayman Jaber, one of the country's most notorious militia leaders. It provides an overview of Mr Jaber's business activities and companies before and after the 2011 conflict and sheds light on the businessman's downfall in 2017.
The following profile provides an overview of Tarif Al-Akhras, a prominent Syrian businessman from Homs and a close relative of Asma Al-Assad. Mr Al-Akhras rose to fame before the 2011 conflict and became a major player in the country's food trade, particularly in the sugar industry.
This report provides an overview of Syria's political and economic ties with the Maghreb, namely Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, and Libya, since 2000 until today, shedding light on trade, investments, and various agreements.
This profile covers Syrian businessman Mohammad Hamsho, whose rise to fame predates the conflict and who is widely believed to be acting as a front for Maher Al-Assad, the brother of the Syrian president.
This report provides an overview of Syria’s Air Transportation Sector, including a breakdown of its main actors, an assessment of the sector before and after the start of the conflict, and the current state of affairs.
Stroytransgaz, a Russian engineering and construction company, has become a major player in Syria’s economy over the past few years, expanding its pre-conflict activities and reaching into new sectors. It has won major contracts in the fields of phosphates, port management, and fertilisers, at times at the expense of Iranian competitors, and has grown into a major symbol of Russia’s growing economic and political sway in Syria.
This 2,370-word report provides a detailed overview of the sector prior to and following the conflict, including its general history, key figures on production and planted areas, the extent to which the industry was impacted by the conflict, foreign companies previously involved in the industry, and the growing political and economic importance of the industry to the government since 2011.
Relatively unknown prior to 2011, Samer Foz became one of Syria’s most powerful economic players following the conflict, being likened at one point to the business magnate and maternal cousin to the president, Rami Makhlouf. Despite leading a high profile during his heyday, Mr Foz has withdrawn from the public eye in recent years after being sanctioned and apparently being sidelined by the regime.
This report provides an overview of the Marota City project since its inception in 2012, shedding light on the legislative policies governing the project, the private sector developers involved, the interest shown by foreign investors, the impact of European sanctions on the project’s progress, and the symbolic precedent Marota City sets for a post-conflict Syria.
Wassim Qattan is a Damascene businessman who emerged among Syria’s business elite only a few years ago and is believed to be acting as a front for powerful regime personalities. Unknown prior to 2017, Mr Qattan has acquired several high-profile contracts from state institutions in the real estate and hospitality sectors. With little information on his source of wealth, he is widely believed to be acting as a front for wealthy and powerful regime personalities, even if the identity of his sponsor remains unclear.
Fares Shehabi (b. 1972), also known as Fares Ahmad Al-Shehabi, is a prominent Aleppan businessman who is mainly active in the pharmaceutical sector. Throughout the decade-long conflict, Mr Shehabi has been one of the most outspoken supporters of the regime.