The following text is a copy of the joint statement made by the Syria envoys of the Arab League, Egypt, the European Union, France, Germany, Iraq, Jordan, Norway, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, the United Kingdom, and the United States made in Brussels on December 2, 2021.
This factsheet provides an overview of the phosphate sector prior to and following the Syrian conflict. It also sheds light on various projects, both implemented and abandoned, in the phosphate industry; the competition between Iran and Russia over the potentially lucrative sector; and the implications of the privatisation of Syria’s phosphate industry.
The Damascus Securities Exchange is the only market in Syria for the trade of securities and bonds. The DSE initiated the trading of securities in March 2009, though it was formally established in 2006. The exchange listed six companies at its launch, but today gathers a total of twenty-seven.
These two tables provide data on Syria's production of phosphate between 1998 and 2019 as well as its reserves and global ranking.
Prior to the conflict, Syria was one of the most visited countries in the Middle East. In 2010, 9,456,622 tourists travelled to the country, among which 6,281,525 (66 percent) were Arabs and 3,175,097 were non-Arabs (34 percent). In 2019, the number of non-Arab tourists was slightly above 200,000 (8 percent), while the number of Arab tourists amounted to 2,219,626 (92 percent), for a total of 2,424,285 tourists.