Last month, the Autonomous Administration of North and East Syria (AANES) lost its main gateway to the outside world and a crucial financial lifeline after the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) suddenly closed two border crossings that link Northeast Syria to the Kurdistan Region of Iraq (KRI). Consequently, all trade, including that of oil, has been suspended, as well as cross-border movements for all actors, including NGOs.
In late December 2021, Russia carried out a ten-day airstrike campaign on Idlib and parts of Rural Aleppo and Hama, killing civilians and widely damaging civilian infrastructure and key sources of livelihoods, including a UNICEF-supported water station, a foodstuff factory, and several poultry and cow farms. The attacks, which are in violation of the 2020 ceasefire agreement between Turkey and Russia, have only contributed to further exacerbating already deteriorating living conditions in the region and may be a sign of increasing tensions between the two countries.
Germany and Kuwait have both contributed around EUR 10 million each to the opposition-affiliated Syria Recovery Trust Fund, a multi-donor trust fund that channels grant funding from the international community into development projects inside opposition-held areas of Syria.
On November 24, the European Union General Court issued varied judgements on applications submitted by three Syrian businessmen and one company regarding their inclusion on the EU Syria sanctions list. That same day, the highest French court dismissed a case brought against a former regime official. Meanwhile, the following week, the European Union sanctioned the privately owned Syrian airline Cham Wings in view of the Belarusian border crisis.
Millions of people across Syria’s north and northeast are affected by the lack of access to sufficient supplies of water due to both climatic and man-made factors, from a decrease in rainfall to the widespread destruction of water infrastructure.
Between January and September, several UN agencies participated in cross-border humanitarian operations from Turkey to Northwest Syria through the Bab Al-Hawa border crossing.
A human rights organisation reported that Turkey had recently suspended all back-and-forth transfer operations of Syrian mercenaries to Libya.
Water levels in the Euphrates river have dropped to their lowest in years with far-reaching implications for the economy of northeast Syria, which relies on its flow for power generation and agriculture as well as drinking water.
Syrian president Bashar Al-Assad has ratified a loan agreement with the Export-Bank of Malaysia for the financing of sewage and water projects by a Malaysian company, in a rare instance of foreign involvement in the country’s wartime economy.
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan issued a decision this month to open two university-affiliated medical institutions in opposition-held parts of Syria, provoking Damascus to accuse Ankara of carrying out “Turkification” in the country’s north.
The Syrian government is moving to more actively regulate e-commerce businesses and services in Syria following recent growth in the sector as more Syrians go online to order goods and services during the coronavirus pandemic.
Duolingo, an online education company that provides language learning software, has won an unusual exemption from the United States to offer its services in Syria.
The article we published last week under the title Chambers of Commerce Elections Mark Fading Influence of Businessmen Who Accompanied Bashar’s Rise had one technical glitch.
Updated on October 21, 2020: The article, originally published on October 14, has been updated to correct a technical glitch and provide updated election results.
As the flows of the Euphrates River decline, water levels at the Bassel Al-Assad Dam on the Khabour River have enabled the irrigation of large areas for the first time in two decades. When it was initiated, the dam was supposed to be among the most important in the Middle East.
Official data from the Ministry of Domestic Trade and Consumer Protection has indicated an increase in the registration of trademarks in Syria.
Khodr Ali Taher has taken over Syria’s largest billboard advertising network, confirming his rise in the business community.
Iran and Syria recently signed a memorandum of understanding in the educational field, which, according to the Iranian Minister of Education, should help encourage the spread of the Persian language.
A Greek business delegation visited Damascus last week, a rare case of an EU business lobby coming to Syria.
Syria’s advertising market stood at a mere 3.5 billion pounds last year according to an industry executive.