Food & Agriculture

Wheat and barley production has declined significantly across all of Syria for the second year in a row due to climate change, low water levels in the Euphrates River, and production input shortages, according to official data. This season's wheat production is 75 percent lower than pre-crisis volumes.
The government has taken measures to revive the sugar beet industry for the 2021-22 season, incentivising farmers to harvest and relaunching a state-owned sugar factory that suspended refining operations for nearly seven years.
Last year, the Syrian government’s wheat imports more than doubled while its procurements of domestic wheat dropped by 48 percent on a year-on-year basis amid severe shortages across the country. Meanwhile, the Autonomous Administration of North and East Syria recently announced plans to import wheat to meet local demand.
Although the security situation is the best it has been since the start of the conflict, the agricultural sector in Syria suffers from unfavourable infrastructural, economic, and climatic conditions, according to a 94-page report by the Food and Agriculture Organisation.
The Syrian government is arranging to import hundreds of cows from Iran, according to the Damascus Chamber of Agriculture. The plan further confirms shortages in the country, whose livestock sector was self-sufficient prior to the conflict.