Food & Agriculture

Recent reports have sounded the alarm on the bleak water crisis that five million people in northeast Syria are facing. The roots of the water dilemma are entangled and protracted and the political instability in the northeast hinders efforts to design a comprehensive strategy to manage the dwindling water resources. 
Amid rising food insecurity levels and wheat shortages, the Syrian government has recently contracted with Russian suppliers for the import of 1.4 million tonnes of soft wheat, which is used to produce bread. The wheat harvest across the country has improved this year but still falls short of the local demand.
The Syrian government and the AANES expect the wheat harvest this year to be higher than in 2022, as local authorities compete to purchase the crop from farmers.
Over 100 days after the February 06 earthquake, the agricultural sector in Northwest Syria – where the vast majority of people depend on agriculture for their livelihoods – remains severely damaged, according to a new report by the Food and Agriculture Organisation. The sector has already suffered from conflict-related damages to infrastructure, irrigation, and inputs. 
Although Syria’s olive and olive oil industries were affected by the fallout of the 12-year conflict, the olive and olive oil industries appear to be making a steady recovery.
Wheat and barley production has declined significantly across all of Syria for the second year in a row due to climate change, low water levels in the Euphrates River, and production input shortages, according to official data. This season's wheat production is 75 percent lower than pre-crisis volumes.