In the decade before the 2011 conflict, Syria sought to further deepen its regional economic and energy integration, becoming involved in a number of international pipeline projects, foremost the Arab Gas Pipeline.
Although Syrian President Bashar Al-Assad has declared victory after more than a decade of war, Damascus controls only ten out of at least 31 official border crossings.
Syria’s relations with South Ossetia, Abkhazia, and Crimea are a subset of its relations with Russia – Damascus’s primary political and military backer during the conflict.
This 2,200-word report provides a profile of the Commercial Bank of Syria, the country's largest lender, whose history goes back to the Ottoman Empire and which is now under western sanctions.
In this 2,800-word report we provide an overview of Syria's wheat sector and of the challenges it faces.
The rise of Rami Makhlouf as Syria’s most prominent businessman coincided with the ascent to power of Bashar Al-Assad in 2000. Given his long history of influence within the ruling elite, Mr Makhlouf’s recent side-lining raises many questions about the potential implications of his fall from grace.
Updated on September 28: In this 4,400-word report, we provide a profile of the main businesses and economic institutions affiliated with the Syrian Ministry of Defence.