Charts

01-03-2022
In 2020, Syria’s production of olive and olive oil totaled 781,204 tonnes and 120,000 tonnes, respectively, according to the FAO, while its olive oil exports reached 63,512 tonnes. Though olive and olive oil production was slightly higher prior to the start of the 2011 conflict, standing at 960,403 tonnes and 194,995 tonnes, olive oil exports reached only 17,968 tonnes. 
15-02-2022
In 2021, total contributions to the United Nations (UN) and its partner organisations for the Syrian humanitarian crisis amounted to USD 3.6 billion, only one-third of the funding requirements for the year. This figure is the lowest since 2015 in absolute numbers and in the percentage of funding requirements, which was estimated at USD 10.052 billion. In 2022, funding requirements were estimated at USD 9.78 billion.
08-02-2022
The following chart provides an overview of the bilateral trade between Syrian and Turkey during the past ten years. Between 2014 and 2021, the average total trade amounted to USD 2 billion with an average balance of USD 1.74 billion in favour of Turkey.
01-02-2022
This chart provides an overview of the assets of the private banking sector in Syria. Over the course of the conflict, the sector grew by 735 percent, from SYP 650 billion to SYP 5,429 billion. However, in dollar terms, total assets of the 14 private sector banks were divided by three during the period, going from USD 13.8 billion to USD 4.3 billion.
25-01-2022
This chart provides an overview of citrus production in Syria between 1998 and 2020. Largely spared by the conflict due to its location in the country's coastal areas, citrus production reached record levels in the past ten years. Although production stood at 1,164,000 tonnes in 2010, prior to the conflict, it plummeted to a two-decade low in 2020.
21-12-2021
Since the start of the conflict, the average wealth and the median wealth of Syrian adult citizens have decreased by some 80 percent each, according to a recent report on global wealth. Compared with figures from 2000, wealth and median wealth per adult in 2020 decreased by 48 percent and 57 percent, respectively, while debt surged by 76 percent.
07-12-2021
Gold is traditionally an important means of savings for many Syrian households. With rising inflation over the past years, which reduced the value of cash holdings, the precious metal gained additional importance. This chart covers the price of gold in Syria between February 2011 and December 2021.
30-11-2021
The Damascus Securities Exchange is the only market in Syria for the trade of securities and bonds. The DSE initiated the trading of securities in March 2009, though it was formally established in 2006. The exchange listed six companies at its launch, but today gathers a total of twenty-seven.
16-11-2021
Wheat and barley are staples of Syria’s agricultural sector and represent the country's most strategic crops, comprising 95 percent of the total agricultural output prior to the Syrian conflict. As such, wheat and barley are highly subsidised as the government traditionally buys them from local farmers at a rate higher than world prices. 
09-11-2021
Since January 2011, the price of a litre of gasoline, a litre of diesel, and a 10-kg cooking gas cylinder increased from SYP 44, 20, and 250 to SYP 750, 500, and 9,700 (or by 1,605, 2,400, and 3,780 percent), respectively.
22-09-2021
After reaching peak traffic in 2009 at 621,377 TEUs, activity in the Lattakia Port decreased significantly due to the start of the Syrian conflict, reaching its lowest point in 2013 at 194,179 TEUs.