Prior to the conflict, Syria was one of the most visited countries in the Middle East. In 2010, 9,456,622 tourists travelled to the country, among which 6,281,525 (66 percent) were Arabs and 3,175,097 were non-Arabs (34 percent). In 2019, the number of non-Arab tourists was slightly above 200,000 (8 percent), while the number of Arab tourists amounted to 2,219,626 (92 percent), for a total of 2,424,285 tourists.
Wheat and barley are staples of Syria’s agricultural sector and represent the country's most strategic crops, comprising 95 percent of the total agricultural output prior to the Syrian conflict. As such, wheat and barley are highly subsidised as the government traditionally buys them from local farmers at a rate higher than world prices. 
Since January 2011, the price of a litre of gasoline, a litre of diesel, and a 10-kg cooking gas cylinder increased from SYP 44, 20, and 250 to SYP 750, 500, and 9,700 (or by 1,605, 2,400, and 3,780 percent), respectively.
Last month, Syria witnessed a new surge in COVID-19 cases. In September 2021, the number of positive cases went from 87,835 to 134,402, which represents a 53 percent increase in a single month.
After reaching peak traffic in 2009 at 621,377 TEUs, activity in the Lattakia Port decreased significantly due to the start of the Syrian conflict, reaching its lowest point in 2013 at 194,179 TEUs.