HLP

09-04-2024
The presidency of the newly formed Syrian Salvation Government, headed by its new president Mohammed Al-Bashir, issued Decision No. 37 on March 6, which included reductions and exemptions from various real estate fees in areas controlled by Hay'at Tahrir Al-Sham in Idlib. The SSG classified this decision as part of a series of reform decisions that will be issued successively to reduce taxes, stimulate construction activity, and facilitate its procedures, which will create more job opportunities.
09-04-2024
A work crew of the Aleppo City Council demolished in February a dilapidated building in an informal settlement within the Ferdous neighbourhood in the eastern part of the city. It was demolished due to the building's dangerous condition and the potential for it to collapse at any moment, following significant damage it sustained during the earthquake on February 6, 2023.
09-04-2024
On March 10, Minister of Justice Ahmed Al-Sayed issued two circulars that restrict the ability of property owners in concerned areas to manage their properties. The first, No. 3, concerns lawsuits related to the partition, subdivision, termination of common property and correction of property descriptions. The second, No. 4, deals with the irrevocable power of attorney in areas undergoing beautification and the termination of common property. 
03-04-2024
Unlike most of Aleppo’s informal settlements, which are located in the city’s eastern neighbourhoods, the Ansari Al-Gharbi slum is situated in the southwest of the city, connecting to its eastern neighbourhoods in Al-Karroum area to the south. This informal settlement also links what was formerly known as the Ansari village with the neighbourhoods of SalahEddin, Seif Al-Dawla, and Al-Zabdiyah in Aleppo.
03-04-2024
The Damascus governorate has provided two plots to a construction contractor to erect buildings designated for alternative housing within Basilia City, Muamar Al-Dakak, the director of the Technical Studies Directorate in the Damascus Governorate, stated during a session of the Damascus Governorate held at the beginning of March.
12-03-2024
The Directorate of Cadastral Affairs in the city of Daraa is experiencing a staff shortage due to the de facto resignations caused by low wages and the retirement of some employees. This has led to a backlog of unprocessed real estate transactions and delays in documenting and registering property incidents.
12-03-2024
State farms are lands owned by the state, in which the state invested directly or leased to others for specific periods to cultivate agreed-upon crops. The state provided these farms with paid agricultural services at official rates, i.e., at subsidised prices, such as seeding, fertilising, harvesting and irrigation. The state also purchased their crops.
12-03-2024
The amount generated by the treasury from enabling farmers to invest in lands abandoned by their owners reached SYP 32 billion, with 22 billion of it already paid to the state treasury, Hama Governor Mahmoud Zanboua told official Tishreen newspaper on January 30. This marks the first time an official source has discussed the value of revenues from public auctions conducted by the Hama Governorate for the lands of forcibly displaced persons who have fled to opposition areas.
27-02-2024
Syria’s Council of Ministers announced on February 6, the allocation of a compensation of SYP 6 billion (USD 455,000 at the official market rate) for those affected by floods in the Akkar Plain region of the Tartous governorate. The plain was hit by rains and floods on January 12, resulting in the inundation of about 1,000 hectares of agricultural land, damaging crops and around 4,000 plastic greenhouses. Many farmers in the Akkar Plain face difficulties in proving ownership of their lands, which hinders their ability to receive compensation.
27-02-2024
The Endowments Law No. 13 of 2023, issued by the General Council of the Autonomous Administration in North and East Syria, establishes the principles for managing and disposing of endowments funds and properties, including methods for their investment. It also sets out the regulations for leasing endowments properties or parts thereof, as well the rights of the beneficiaries, and lays down rules for judicial proceedings when dealing with disputes related to leasing, disposal, and renovation of these properties.
27-02-2024
The Civil Code No. 84 of 1949 outlines the provisions and legal nature of usufruct rights, defining them as a real right that pertains to the property itself, without intermediation from another person. Usufruct rights grant the holder direct authority to use and exploit an immovable or movable property, while the actual ownership, or “bare ownership,” remains with the property owner.
20-02-2024
Over a year after the February 6 earthquake, the Idlib governorate is still suffering from its catastrophic effects, especially in terms of meeting the housing needs of those affected. The quake left 2,114 dead in Idlib and damaged 18,000 homes partially or completely, according to official figures released by the Syrian Salvation Government after the damage assessment committees concluded their work.
20-02-2024
The General Council for the Autonomous Administration in North and East Syria (AANES), acting as a parliament, issued Endowments Law No. 13 on November 15, 2023. The law aims to oversee all religious activities, develop Islamic education, regulate fatwas, and supervise religious rituals.
19-02-2024
This note explains why housing, land and property rights are  relevant to the current humanitarian response inside the Syrian Arab Republic. While attention must remain focused on immediate life-saving actions, steps to address HLP issues should also be considered and included at the outset of any response, as the failure to do so can undermine the efficacy and durability of humanitarian assistance and long-term recovery. Understanding and addressing HLP issues in Syria will contribute to restoring and strengthening the rule of law. Addressing HLP rights will also ensure a more equitable and sustainable humanitarian response, and will ultimately protect, support and strengthen the safety and resilience of those affected by the crisis. To assist in the understanding of Syria’s HLP system, this document provides an overview of the country’s pre-crisis land governance,; HLP legal framework, and current HLP issues; and offers recommendations for action and remedy.
19-02-2024
The findings indicate a complex situation. There are high levels of ownership assertions which  are not matched by supporting documents for a variety of reasons, including loss during forced displacement and historical cultural practices regarding transfer of title within families. Future restitution and compensation processes will therefore need to take into consideration the complexity of the pluralist nature of HLP rights prior to the conflict and also ensure that there are remedies for HLP violations that have occurred during the conflict. Humanitarian organisations, governments, donors and other stakeholders should start preparing now for likely problems of a shortage of adequate housing, disputes over use and/or ownership of HLP assets, and the emergence of other conflicts related to a significant reduction in usable land and housing inside Syria if large scale returns start occurring. This NRC Briefing Note aims to unpack some of these HLP challenges to sustainable returns to Syria, whilst also offering guidance on potential first steps to mitigate and address these  challenges before they create further conflict and prevent durable returns.