Turkey (861)


The following document is a translation of an interview given by Syrian President Bashar Al-Assad to Cumhuriyet, a Turkish daily.


The following text is the final communiqué issued by the “Action Group for Syria,” following its meeting in Geneva on June 30.

Action Group for Syria
Final Communiqué


The English transcript of the interview of Syrian President Bashar Al-Assad with Iranian TV on June 28, 2012.


Unemployment in the governorate of Hassakeh, in the northeast of the country, is at 40 percent of the labour force, while more than 42 percent of households have a member of the family outside the country, according to a recent government survey.


Syrian manufacturers, along with other business sectors, are increasingly suffering from the deterioration in the political, economic and security environments.


Bilateral trade between Syria and Turkey fell 63 percent in the first quarter of this year compared to the same period of 2011.


The number of refugees that have fled Syria to neighbouring countries has now reached 65,070 according to the United Nations refugee agency although the actual number probably dwarfs that figure.


Syria and Iran have reduced customs tariffs levied on goods exchanged between them to 4 percent starting April 28, 5 years ahead of the target.


The budget of the Damascus Governorate, one of the wealthiest in the country, will stand at around SYP 25 billion this year.


The following document is the full text of the Conclusions of the Second International Conference of the Group of Friends of the Syrian People held in Istanbul on April 01, 2012.


The United Nations on Friday issued an appeal to raise USD 84 million to help Syrian refugees in Lebanon, Jordan, Iraq and Turkey.


Turkey announced today that it was closing its embassy in Damascus only days after the Turkish Prime Minister said that his country was on the verge of breaking diplomatic relations with its southern neighbour.


Iraq has prepared backup plans to use an old pipeline running through Syria to export its crude should the Hormuz Strait be closed, an Iraqi Government spokesman said.


The Ministry of Economy has announced that within a week it will publish a compulsory price list for key commodity items as the Government tries to calm rising anger over the continuing increase in consumer prices.


Syria’s trade with the European Union, its main commercial partner, fell 16.0 percent in 2011 on the back of a steep decline in Syrian exports of crude oil in the last quarter of the year.


The Syrian Government has raised customs tariffs on a wide range of consumer goods, reverting further a decade-old policy of trade liberalisation and risking an additional increase in consumer prices in the local market.


The following text is the full text of the Conclusions of the International Conference of the Group of Friends of the Syrian People on 24 February.


The following text is the full text of the Conclusions of the International Conference of the Group of Friends of the Syrian People on February 24, 2012.


Updated February 13: The European Union plans to impose new economic sanctions on Syria threatening to reduce further the Government’s foreign currency earnings and the country’s links with the outside world as diplomatic pressure piles on Damascus.


Syria’s trade with Turkey fell 15 percent last year over the political unrest and the suspension of the free trade agreement linking the two countries although until the third quarter of 2011 year-on-year figures remained stable.


Switzerland and Australia have announced an expansion of a blacklist of Syrian individuals and entities that are sanctioned for their alleged support to the Syrian authorities’ handling of the popular uprising engulfing the country.


Updated January 30: Exports of crude oil and related products represented almost half of all Syrian export revenues in 2010 – from a third in 2009 - a figure that confirms the significant impact that the ban imposed by the EU and other western countries on oil exports is having on the country’s foreign currency earnings.


The Syrian authorities are preparing to raise again the price of heating oil, less than a year after they decided to reduce it, a decision that is likely to create discontent among the population but reflects the deteriorating situation of the Government’s finances.


The Syrian Government has announced an increase of 60 percent in the price of cooking gas as shortages of energy products recently reduced across the country.


The Syrian economy has been greatly damaged by the crisis gripping the country, the Minister of Economy, Nidal Al-Shaar said.


Deteriorating political relations between Syria and Turkey are having an increasingly negative impact on Turkish companies doing business in Syria.


The Ministry of Economy has banned all imports of wooden furniture that contain less than 70 percent of beech wood in a bid to help local manufacturers.


The English transcript of the interview of Syrian President Bashar Al-Assad with Syrian Arab TV in 2011.


Import, export and distribution of all kinds of food and beverages (soft drinks, juices, mineral water)


Turkey is imposing a 30 percent customs tariff on all Syrian goods entering its territory in retaliation over a similar measure announced this week by Syria.


The English transcript of the interview of Syrian President Bashar Al-Assad with ABC News on December 07, 2011.


The international community has continued to raise the heat on the Syrian Government through new economic sanctions with Turkey joining in and the EU announcing new significant measures.


The Central Bank lowered on Sunday by some 6 percent the value of the Syrian Pound to the US dollar and to the Euro in a bid to contain the decline of the national currency in the black market. 


General trading


Russia’s Stroytransgaz has announced that it had signed an extension and amendment agreement on the North and South Middle Area Gas Development project.


Interview with The Sunday Times on November 20, 2011. 


Turkey’s Ministry of Economy has established a Syria Desk to help Turkish traders and manufacturers cope with the turmoil in their southern neighbour.


Syria’s state-owned water bottling company has reported profits of SYP 254 million in the first three quarters of this year as it plans to capitalize on its monopoly status to expand capacity.


Syria had a positive electricity trade balance in the first nine months of this year, according to the Minister of Electricity.


This document is the text of a protocol signed between Syria and Turkey as part of their Free Trage Agreement that lists agricultural pdocuts on which a specific deal has been reached between the two countries. Around two dozen products from each country are included. A 4-page document. translation by the Turkish Government.


On Saturday, The Syria Report celebrated its 10th anniversary at a time when Syria is going through the most challenging and yet most promising period of its modern history.


Promote the activities of the mother company that produces and trades edible oil seeds and markets food products


Only a few days after it imposed a wide scale ban on imports, the Syrian government reversed its decision, confirming that it had no clear economic strategy without dispelling fears on the state of the country’s foreign currency reserves.


Syria is considering joining a customs union with Russia, according to AbdulFattah Ammoura, the country’s deputy Foreign Minister.


The Syrian opposition appears to have finally got its act together, some six months after the beginning of the country's popular uprising, announcing yesterday the formation of a broad-based national council.


Following growing outcry from Syria’s business community, the Syrian government has decided to expand the list of products exempted from the import ban announced on September 23.


Power and energy projects